1,3-dicyanobenzene Market Research: Global Status & Forecast by Geography, Type & Application (2016-2026)

Summary

According to 99Strategy, the Global 1,3-dicyanobenzene Market is estimated to reach xxx million USD in 2020 and projected to grow at the CAGR of xx% during the 2021-2026. The report analyses the global 1,3-dicyanobenzene market, the market size and growth, as well as the major market participants.
The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels.The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.
Key Regions
Asia Pacific
North America
Europe
South America
Middle East & Africa
Key Companies
Showa Denko
Mitsubishi Gas Chemical
CAC Group
Jiangsu Weunite Fine Chemical
Suli
Syngenta
SDS Biotech
Sipcam-Oxon
Key Product Type
98% Purity
99% Purity
Market by Application
Epoxy Curing Agent
Nylon Resin
Pesticide
Others
Main Aspects covered in the Report
Overview of the 1,3-dicyanobenzene market including production, consumption, status & forecast and market growth
2016-2020 historical data and 2021-2026 market forecast
Geographical analysis including major countries
Overview the product type market including development
Overview the end-user market including development
Impact of Coronavirus on the Industry

Table of Content
1 Industrial Chain Overview
1.1 1,3-dicyanobenzene Industry
1.1.1 Overview
Figure 1,3-dicyanobenzene Picture List
1.1.2 Characteristics of 1,3-dicyanobenzene
1.2 Upstream
1.2.1 Major Materials
1.2.2 Manufacturing Overview
1.3 Product List By Type
1.3.1 98% Purity
1.3.2 99% Purity
1.4 End-Use List
1.4.1 Demand in Epoxy Curing Agent
1.4.2 Demand in Nylon Resin
1.4.3 Demand in Pesticide
1.4.4 Demand in Others
1.5 Global Market Overview
1.5.1 Global Market Size and Forecast, 2016-2026
Figure Global Market Size and Forecast with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
1.5.2 Global Market Size and Forecast by Geography with CAGR, 2016-2026
Table Global Market Size and Forecast by Geography with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
1.5.3 Global Market Size and Forecast by Product Type with CAGR, 2016-2026
Table Global Market Size and Forecast by Type with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
1.5.4 Global Market Size and Forecast by End-Use with CAGR, 2016-2026
Table Global Market Size and Forecast by End-Use with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
2 Global Production & Consumption by Geography
2.1 Global Production & Consumption
2.1.1 Global Production
Figure Global Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.1.2 Global Consumption
Figure Global Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Market Volume and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Amount and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2 Geographic Production & Consumption
2.2.1 Production
2.2.1.1 Asia-Pacific
Figure Asia-Pacific Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Asia-Pacific Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Asia-Pacific Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Asia-Pacific Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.1.2 North America
Figure North America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table North America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure North America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table North America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.1.3 South America
Figure South America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table South America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure South America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table South America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.1.4 Europe
Figure Europe Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Europe Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Europe Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Europe Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.1.5 Middle East & Africa
Figure Middle East & Africa Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Middle East & Africa Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Middle East & Africa Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Middle East & Africa Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.2 Consumption
2.2.2.1 Asia-Pacific
Figure Asia-Pacific Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Asia-Pacific Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Asia-Pacific Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Asia-Pacific Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.2.2 North America
Figure North America Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table North America Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure North America Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table North America Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.2.3 South America
Figure South America Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table South America Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure South America Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table South America Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.2.4 Europe
Figure Europe Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Europe Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Europe Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Europe Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
2.2.2.5 Middle East & Africa
Figure Middle East & Africa Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Middle East & Africa Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Middle East & Africa Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Middle East & Africa Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
3 Major Manufacturers Introduction
3.1 Manufacturers Overview
Table Major Manufacturers Headquarters and Contact Information
Table Major Manufacturers Capacity List in 2018
3.2 Manufacturers List
3.2.1 Showa Denko Overview
Table Showa Denko Overview List
3.2.1.1 Product Specifications
3.2.1.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Showa Denko (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.1.3 Recent Developments
3.2.1.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.2 Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Overview
Table Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Overview List
3.2.2.1 Product Specifications
3.2.2.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Mitsubishi Gas Chemical (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.2.3 Recent Developments
3.2.2.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.3 CAC Group Overview
Table CAC Group Overview List
3.2.3.1 Product Specifications
3.2.3.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of CAC Group (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.3.3 Recent Developments
3.2.3.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.4 Jiangsu Weunite Fine Chemical Overview
Table Jiangsu Weunite Fine Chemical Overview List
3.2.4.1 Product Specifications
3.2.4.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Jiangsu Weunite Fine Chemical (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.4.3 Recent Developments
3.2.4.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.5 Suli Overview
Table Suli Overview List
3.2.5.1 Product Specifications
3.2.5.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Suli (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.5.3 Recent Developments
3.2.5.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.6 Syngenta Overview
Table Syngenta Overview List
3.2.6.1 Product Specifications
3.2.6.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Syngenta (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.6.3 Recent Developments
3.2.6.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.7 SDS Biotech Overview
Table SDS Biotech Overview List
3.2.7.1 Product Specifications
3.2.7.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of SDS Biotech (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.7.3 Recent Developments
3.2.7.4 Future Strategic Planning
3.2.8 Sipcam-Oxon Overview
Table Sipcam-Oxon Overview List
3.2.8.1 Product Specifications
3.2.8.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
Table 1,3-dicyanobenzene Business Operation of Sipcam-Oxon (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
3.2.8.3 Recent Developments
3.2.8.4 Future Strategic Planning
4 Market Competition Pattern
4.1 Market Size and Sketch
Figure Global Market Size and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Size and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Competition Sketch Overview
4.2 Company Market Share
4.2.1 Global Production by Major Manufacturers
Table Global Production Volume List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Volume Share List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Production Volume Share by Manufacturers in 2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Amount List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Production Amount Share List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Production Amount Share by Manufacturers in 2020, in Million USD
4.2.2 Market Concentration Analysis
4.3 Market News and Trend
4.3.1 Merger & Acquisition
4.3.2 New Product Launch
5 Product Type Segment
5.1 Global Overview by Product Type Segment
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by Product Type Segment, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by Product Type Segment 2016-2020, in Volume
5.2 Segment Subdivision by Product Type
5.2.1 Market in 98% Purity
5.2.1.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in 98% Purity, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in 98% Purity, 2016-2020, in Volume
5.2.1.2 Situation & Development
5.2.2 Market in 99% Purity
5.2.2.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in 99% Purity, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in 99% Purity, 2016-2020, in Volume
5.2.2.2 Situation & Development
6 End-Use Segment
6.1 Global Overview by End-Use Segment
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by End-Use Segment, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by End-Use Segment 2016-2020, in Volume
6.2 Segment Subdivision
6.2.1 Market in Epoxy Curing Agent
6.2.1.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Epoxy Curing Agent, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Epoxy Curing Agent, 2016-2020, in Volume
6.2.1.2 Situation & Development
6.2.2 Market in Nylon Resin
6.2.2.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Nylon Resin, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Nylon Resin, 2016-2020, in Volume
6.2.2.2 Situation & Development
6.2.3 Market in Pesticide
6.2.3.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Pesticide, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Pesticide, 2016-2020, in Volume
6.2.3.2 Situation & Development
6.2.4 Market in Others
6.2.4.1 Market Size
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Others, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Others, 2016-2020, in Volume
6.2.4.2 Situation & Development
7 Market Forecast & Trend
7.1 Regional Forecast
Table Global Market Forecast by Region Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Forecast by Region Segment 2021-2026, in Volume
7.2 Consumption Forecast
7.2.1 Product Type Forecast
Table Global Market Amount by Product Type Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Volume by Product Type Segment 2021-2026, in Volume
7.2.2 End-Use Forecast
Table Global Market Amount by End-Use Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Volume by End-Use Segment 2021-2026, in Volume
7.3 Investment Trend
7.4 Consumption Trend
8 Price & Channel
8.1 Price and Cost
8.1.1 Price
8.1.2 Cost
Figure Cost Component Ratio
8.2 Channel Segment
9 Market Drivers & Investment Environment
9.1 Market Drivers
9.2 Investment Environment
9.3 Impact of Coronavirus on the 1,3-dicyanobenzene Industry
9.3.1 Impact on Industry Upstream
9.3.2 Impact on Industry Downstream
9.3.3 Impact on Industry Channels
9.3.4 Impact on Industry Competition
9.3.5 Impact on Industry Employment
10 Research Conclusion

List of Tables

List of Table

Table Global Market Size and Forecast by Geography with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
Table Global Market Size and Forecast by Type with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
Table Global Market Size and Forecast by End-Use with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
Table Global Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Volume and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Market Amount and Growth Rate by Geography, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Asia-Pacific Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Asia-Pacific Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table North America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table North America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table South America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table South America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Europe Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Europe Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Middle East & Africa Production Volume Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Middle East & Africa Production Amount Status and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Asia-Pacific Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Asia-Pacific Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table North America Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table North America Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table South America Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table South America Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Europe Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Europe Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Middle East & Africa Market Volume and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Middle East & Africa Market Amount and Growth Rate by Region, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Major Manufacturers Headquarters and Contact Information
Table Major Manufacturers Capacity List in 2018
Table Xuchang City Yue Yuan Chemical Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Xuchang City Yue Yuan Chemical (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Shandong Gaoming Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Shandong Gaoming (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Dafeng Jingyuan Fine Chemical Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Dafeng Jingyuan Fine Chemical (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Changmao Biochemical Engineering Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Changmao Biochemical Engineering (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Wuhan Jiakailong Technology Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Wuhan Jiakailong Technology (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Wuhan Noble Pharmaceutical&Chemical Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Wuhan Noble Pharmaceutical&Chemical (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Xianju Doeastchem Overview List
Table 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Business Operation of Xianju Doeastchem (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Gross Margin)
Table Global Production Volume List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Volume Share List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Production Amount List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Production Amount Share List by Manufacturers, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by Product Type Segment, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by Product Type Segment 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by End-Use Segment, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Table Global Market Status and Growth Rate by End-Use Segment 2016-2020, in Volume
Table Global Market Forecast by Region Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Forecast by Region Segment 2021-2026, in Volume
Table Global Market Amount by Product Type Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Volume by Product Type Segment 2021-2026, in Volume
Table Global Market Amount by End-Use Segment 2021-2026, in Million USD
Table Global Market Volume by End-Use Segment 2021-2026, in Volume


List of Figures

List of Figure

Figure 1,2,3,4-Butanetetracarboxylic Acid (CAS 1703-58-8) Picture List
Figure Global Market Size and Forecast with Growth Rate, 2016-2026
Figure Global Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Asia-Pacific Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Asia-Pacific Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure North America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure North America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure South America Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure South America Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Europe Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Europe Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Middle East & Africa Production Volume Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Middle East & Africa Production Amount Status and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Asia-Pacific Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Asia-Pacific Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure North America Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure North America Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure South America Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure South America Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Europe Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Europe Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Middle East & Africa Market Volume and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Middle East & Africa Market Amount and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Market Size and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Size and Growth Rate, 2016-2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Competition Sketch Overview
Figure Global Production Volume Share by Manufacturers in 2020, in Volume
Figure Global Production Amount Share by Manufacturers in 2020, in Million USD
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Purity 98%, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Purity 98%, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Purity 99%, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Purity 99%, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Building Material, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Building Material, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Pharmaceutical, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Pharmaceutical, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Polyimide Production, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Polyimide Production, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Fabric Finishing Agent, 2016-2020, in USD Million
Figure Global Market Amount and Growth Rate in Fabric Finishing Agent, 2016-2020, in Volume
Figure Cost Component Ratio

Choose License Type