Global Alkaline Proteases Market Professional Survey Report 2019

Enzymes have long been used as alternatives to chemicals to improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of a wide range of industrial systems and processes. Alkaline proteases also known as basic proteases are a group of enzymes used primarily as additives in detergents and are active in a neutral to alkaline pH range. Most of the alkaline proteases have an optimal pH of around pH 10 with an isoelectric point of around pH 9. These are produced by alkalophilic micro-organisms and can resist extreme alkaline environments produced by a wide range of alkalophilic microorganisms. These are obtained from various microbial sources such as fungi, bacteria and certain yeasts. The enzymes demonstrate high stability and resistance to proteolytic hydrolysis owing to their high degree of cross-linking to hydrogen bonds, disulphide bonds, and hydrophobic interactions. They are stable in association with chelating agents and perbonates.
Alkaline protease enzymes demonstrate high stability and resistance to proteolytic hydrolysis, owing to their high degree of cross-linking to hydrogen bonds, disulphide bonds, and hydrophobic interactions. They are stable in association with chelating agents and perbonates. Developments in field of protein engineering coupled with development of industrial enzymes is expected to create substantial demand for industry players in artificial proteases market.
Presence of wide range of end-user industries ranging from pharmaceutical industries to food & beverages processing companies along with high spending on industrial infrastructure is expected to boost the alkaline proteases market revenue growth in North America. Geographically, North America and Europe are expected to capture a major chunk of the market between 2017 and 2023. The market in Asia Pacific, primarily driven by China and India, is expected to burgeon at a significant rate over the forecast period.

The global Alkaline Proteases market was valued at xx million US$ in 2018 and will reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2019-2025.
This report focuses on Alkaline Proteases volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Alkaline Proteases market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.
Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of Alkaline Proteases in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.
For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Alkaline Proteases manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

The following manufacturers are covered:
Ab Enzymes
Acumedia Manufacturers
Advanced Enzymes
Novozymes
Noor Enzymes
Royal DSM
Sigma Aldrich Corporation
Solvay Enzymes
Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies

Segment by Regions
North America
Europe
China
Japan
Southeast Asia
India

Segment by Type
Serine Protease
Metalloprotease

Segment by Application
Detergents
Pharmaceuticals
Leather Industry
Meat Tenderizers
Protein Hydrolyzates
Food Products
Waste Processing

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Industry Overview of Alkaline Proteases
1.1 Definition of Alkaline Proteases
1.2 Alkaline Proteases Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Comparison by Types (2014-2025)
1.2.2 Serine Protease
1.2.3 Metalloprotease
1.3 Alkaline Proteases Segment by Applications
1.3.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption Comparison by Applications (2014-2025)
1.3.2 Detergents
1.3.3 Pharmaceuticals
1.3.4 Leather Industry
1.3.5 Meat Tenderizers
1.3.6 Protein Hydrolyzates
1.3.7 Food Products
1.3.8 Waste Processing
1.4 Global Alkaline Proteases Overall Market
1.4.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue (2014-2025)
1.4.2 Global Alkaline Proteases Production (2014-2025)
1.4.3 North America Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.4 Europe Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.5 China Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.6 Japan Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.7 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.8 India Alkaline Proteases Status and Prospect (2014-2025)

2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers
2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Alkaline Proteases
2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Alkaline Proteases
2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Alkaline Proteases

3 Development and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Alkaline Proteases
3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date
3.2 Global Alkaline Proteases Manufacturing Plants Distribution
3.3 Major Manufacturers Technology Source and Market Position of Alkaline Proteases
3.4 Recent Development and Expansion Plans

4 Key Figures of Major Manufacturers
4.1 Alkaline Proteases Production and Capacity Analysis
4.2 Alkaline Proteases Revenue Analysis
4.3 Alkaline Proteases Price Analysis
4.4 Market Concentration Degree

5 Alkaline Proteases Regional Market Analysis
5.1 Alkaline Proteases Production by Regions
5.1.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Production by Regions
5.1.2 Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue by Regions
5.2 Alkaline Proteases Consumption by Regions
5.3 North America Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.3.1 North America Alkaline Proteases Production
5.3.2 North America Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.3.3 Key Manufacturers in North America
5.3.4 North America Alkaline Proteases Import and Export
5.4 Europe Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.4.1 Europe Alkaline Proteases Production
5.4.2 Europe Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.4.3 Key Manufacturers in Europe
5.4.4 Europe Alkaline Proteases Import and Export
5.5 China Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.5.1 China Alkaline Proteases Production
5.5.2 China Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.5.3 Key Manufacturers in China
5.5.4 China Alkaline Proteases Import and Export
5.6 Japan Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.6.1 Japan Alkaline Proteases Production
5.6.2 Japan Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.6.3 Key Manufacturers in Japan
5.6.4 Japan Alkaline Proteases Import and Export
5.7 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.7.1 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Production
5.7.2 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.7.3 Key Manufacturers in Southeast Asia
5.7.4 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Import and Export
5.8 India Alkaline Proteases Market Analysis
5.8.1 India Alkaline Proteases Production
5.8.2 India Alkaline Proteases Revenue
5.8.3 Key Manufacturers in India
5.8.4 India Alkaline Proteases Import and Export

6 Alkaline Proteases Segment Market Analysis (by Type)
6.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Production by Type
6.2 Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue by Type
6.3 Alkaline Proteases Price by Type

7 Alkaline Proteases Segment Market Analysis (by Application)
7.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption by Application
7.2 Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption Market Share by Application (2014-2019)

8 Alkaline Proteases Major Manufacturers Analysis
8.1 Ab Enzymes
8.1.1 Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.1.2 Ab Enzymes Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.1.3 Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.1.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.2 Acumedia Manufacturers
8.2.1 Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.2.2 Acumedia Manufacturers Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.2.3 Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.2.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.3 Advanced Enzymes
8.3.1 Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.3.2 Advanced Enzymes Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.3.3 Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.3.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.4 Novozymes
8.4.1 Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.4.2 Novozymes Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.4.3 Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.4.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.5 Noor Enzymes
8.5.1 Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.5.2 Noor Enzymes Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.5.3 Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.5.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.6 Royal DSM
8.6.1 Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.6.2 Royal DSM Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.6.3 Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.6.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.7 Sigma Aldrich Corporation
8.7.1 Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.7.2 Sigma Aldrich Corporation Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.7.3 Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.7.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.8 Solvay Enzymes
8.8.1 Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.8.2 Solvay Enzymes Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.8.3 Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.8.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.9 Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies
8.9.1 Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
8.9.2 Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.9.3 Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.9.4 Main Business and Markets Served

9 Development Trend of Analysis of Alkaline Proteases Market
9.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Market Trend Analysis
9.1.1 Global Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Volume and Value) Forecast 2019-2025
9.2 Alkaline Proteases Regional Market Trend
9.2.1 North America Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.2 Europe Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.3 China Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.4 Japan Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.5 Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.6 India Alkaline Proteases Forecast 2019-2025
9.3 Alkaline Proteases Market Trend (Product Type)
9.4 Alkaline Proteases Market Trend (Application)

10.1 Marketing Channel
10.1.1 Direct Marketing
10.1.2 Indirect Marketing
10.3 Alkaline Proteases Customers

11 Market Dynamics
11.1 Market Trends
11.2 Opportunities
11.3 Market Drivers
11.4 Challenges
11.5 Influence Factors

12 Conclusion
13 Appendix
13.1 Methodology/Research Approach
13.1.1 Research Programs/Design
13.1.2 Market Size Estimation
13.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
13.2 Data Source
13.2.1 Secondary Sources
13.2.2 Primary Sources
13.3 Author List
13.4 Disclaimer

List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Alkaline Proteases
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT) Growth Rate Comparison by Types (2014-2025)
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share by Types in 2018
Figure Serine Protease Product Picture
Figure Metalloprotease Product Picture
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption (K MT) Comparison by Applications (2014-2025)
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption Market Share by Applications in 2018
Figure Detergents
Figure Pharmaceuticals
Figure Leather Industry
Figure Meat Tenderizers
Figure Protein Hydrolyzates
Figure Food Products
Figure Waste Processing
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT) (2014-2025)
Figure North America Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Europe Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure China Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Japan Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure India Alkaline Proteases Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Table Alkaline Proteases Raw Material and Suppliers
Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Alkaline Proteases in 2018
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Alkaline Proteases
Figure Industry Chain Structure of Alkaline Proteases
Table Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Key Manufacturers
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Manufacturing Plants Distribution
Table Alkaline Proteases Major Manufacturers Technology Source and Market Position
Table Recent Development and Expansion Plans in Future
Table Alkaline Proteases Capacity (K MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Figure Alkaline Proteases Production Share by Manufacturers in 2018
Table Alkaline Proteases Revenue (Million US$) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Figure Alkaline Proteases Revenue Share by Manufacturers in 2018
Table Alkaline Proteases Average Price (USD/MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Global Manufacturers Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Production by Regions 2014-2019 (K MT)
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share by Regions in 2018
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue by Regions 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2018
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption by Regions 2014-2019 (K MT)
Table Global Alkaline Proteases Consumption Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure North America Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure North America Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table North America Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Europe Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Europe Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Europe Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure China Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure China Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table China Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Japan Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Japan Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Japan Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure India Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure India Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table India Alkaline Proteases Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Global Consumption Alkaline Proteases Market Share by Application (2014-2019)
Figure Global Value (Consumption) Alkaline Proteases Market Share by Application (2014-2019)
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Ab Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Acumedia Manufacturers Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Advanced Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Novozymes Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Noor Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Royal DSM Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Sigma Aldrich Corporation Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Solvay Enzymes Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production Sites and Area Served
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Specialty Enzymes & Biotechnologies Alkaline Proteases Main Business and Markets Served
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Production (K MT) Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Revenue (Million USD) Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025
Figure Global Alkaline Proteases Sales Price (USD/MT) Forecast 2019-2025
Figure North America Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure North America Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Europe Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Europe Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure China Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure China Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Japan Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Japan Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure India Alkaline Proteases Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure India Alkaline Proteases Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Table Global Production (K MT) of Alkaline Proteases by Type (2019-2025)
Table Global Consumption (K MT) of Alkaline Proteases by Application (2019-2025)
Table Alkaline Proteases Distributors List
Table Alkaline Proteases Customers List
Table Market Key Trends
Table Key Opportunities
Table Market Key Drivers
Table Key Challenges
Table Key Influence Factors
Table Research Programs/Design for This Report
Figure Bottom-up and Top-down Approaches for This Report
Figure Data Triangulation
Table Key Data Information from Secondary Sources
Table Key Data Information from Primary Sources

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